Sharon J. Elliott, Andrada Ivanescu, Natalie E. Leland, Jennifer Fogo, Jane A. Painter, Leonard G. Trujillo; Feasibility of Interdisciplinary Community-Based Fall Risk Screening. Am J Occup Ther 2012;66(2):161-168. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2012.002444.
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© 2014 American Occupational Therapy Association
OBJECTIVE. This pilot study examined the feasibility of (1) conducting interdisciplinary fall risk screens at a communitywide adult fall prevention event and (2) collecting preliminary follow-up data from people screened at the event about balance confidence and home and activity modifications made after receiving educational information at the event.
METHOD. We conducted a pilot study with pre– and posttesting (4-mo follow-up) with 35 community-dwelling adults ≥55 yr old.
RESULTS. Approximately half the participants were at risk for falls. Most participants who anticipated making environmental or activity changes to reduce fall risk initiated changes (n = 8/11; 72.7%) during the 4-mo follow-up period. We found no significant difference in participants’ balance confidence between baseline (median = 62.81) and follow-up (median = 64.06) as measured by the Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale.
CONCLUSION. Conducting interdisciplinary fall risk screens at an adult fall prevention event is feasible and can facilitate environmental and behavior changes to reduce fall risk.
Added railing or grab bar
Removed or secured scatter rugs
Moved furniture and items for easier access
Be more cautious.
Increase awareness of environment.
Take breaks when tired.
Use stair rails.
Was more careful on stairs
Participated in Matter of Balance program
Used reacher to obtain items
Had vision checked
Stayed away from crowded places
Conducting interdisciplinary fall risk screens at a community-based fall prevention event is feasible and efficient.
Holding a communitywide fall prevention event can facilitate environmental and activity changes to reduce fall risk.
Gathering fall risk statistics from participants at this type of event can inform the community about needed fall prevention resources.
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