Research Article  |   May 2012
Methodology for the Systematic Reviews on Occupation- and Activity-Based Intervention Related to Productive Aging
Author Affiliations
  • Marian Arbesman, PhD, OTR/L, is Consultant, AOTA Evidence-Based Practice Project; President, ArbesIdeas, Inc., 19 Hopkins Road, Williamsville, NY 14221; and Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Rehabilitation Science, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Williamsville; ma@ArbesIdeas.com
  • Deborah Lieberman, MSHA, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Program Director, AOTA Evidence-Based Practice Project, and Staff Liaison to the Commission on Practice, American Occupational Therapy Association, Bethesda, MD
Article Information
Evidence-Based Practice / Geriatrics/Productive Aging / Special Issue on the Relationship Between Occupation and Productive Aging
Research Article   |   May 2012
Methodology for the Systematic Reviews on Occupation- and Activity-Based Intervention Related to Productive Aging
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, May 2012, Vol. 66, 271-276. doi:10.5014/ajot.2012.003699
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, May 2012, Vol. 66, 271-276. doi:10.5014/ajot.2012.003699
Abstract

Systematic reviews of the literature relevant to community-dwelling older adults are important to the practice of occupational therapy. We describe the four questions that served as the focus for the systematic reviews of the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions for older adults living in the community. This article includes the background for the reviews; the process followed for each question, including search terms and search strategy; the databases searched; and the methods used to summarize and critically appraise the literature. The final number of articles included in each systematic review; a summary of the results; the strengths and limitations of the findings; and implications for practice, education, and research are presented.