Research Article  |   March 2013
Making the Best Match: Selecting Outcome Measures for Clinical Trials and Outcome Studies
Author Affiliations
  • Wendy J. Coster, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Professor and Chair, Department of Occupational Therapy, Boston University, College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences: Sargent College, 635 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA 02215; wjcoster@bu.edu
Article Information
Assessment Development and Testing / Evidence-Based Practice / Special Issue on the Accelerating Clinical Trials and Outcomes Research (ACTOR) Conference
Research Article   |   March 2013
Making the Best Match: Selecting Outcome Measures for Clinical Trials and Outcome Studies
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, March/April 2013, Vol. 67, 162-170. doi:10.5014/ajot.2013.006015
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, March/April 2013, Vol. 67, 162-170. doi:10.5014/ajot.2013.006015
Abstract

Selecting an appropriate outcome measure is a critical step in designing valid and useful clinical trials and outcome studies. This selection process needs to extend beyond examining basic psychometric properties to consider additional features of instruments that may affect their validity and utility for the study’s purpose. This article discusses these additional factors and their potential impact on outcome measurement. Guidelines are proposed to help clinical researchers and consumers of clinical research literature evaluate the match between the study purpose, population, and instrument.