Research Article  |   May 2013
Development and Preliminary Psychometric Evaluation of the Self-Perceptions in Rehabilitation Questionnaire (SPIRQ) for Brain Injury Rehabilitation
Author Affiliations
  • Tamara Ownsworth, PhD, is Associate Professor, School of Applied Psychology and Griffith Institute for Health, Griffith University, Mt. Gravatt, Queensland, Australia
  • Ea Stewart, PsyD, is Senior Research Assistant, School of Applied Psychology and Griffith Institute for Health, Griffith University, Mt. Gravatt, Queensland, Australia
  • Jennifer Fleming, PhD, is Conjoint Associate Professor, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland 4072 Australia; Conjoint Associate Professor, Occupational Therapy Department, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, Queensland, Australia; and Associate Professor, Centre for Functioning and Health Research, Metro South Health Services District, Buranda, Queensland, Australia; j.fleming@uq.edu.au
  • Janelle Griffin, M.Phil, is Team Leader, Occupational Therapy Department, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, Queensland, Australia
  • Ann Maree Collier is Occupational Therapist, Occupational Therapy Department, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, Queensland, Australia
  • Julia Schmidt is PhD Student, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland, Australia, and Occupational Therapist, Royal Rehabilitation Centre, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Article Information
Assessment Development and Testing / Neurologic Conditions / Traumatic Brain Injury / Rehabilitation, Disability, and Participation
Research Article   |   May 2013
Development and Preliminary Psychometric Evaluation of the Self-Perceptions in Rehabilitation Questionnaire (SPIRQ) for Brain Injury Rehabilitation
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, May/June 2013, Vol. 67, 336-344. doi:10.5014/ajot.2013.007625
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, May/June 2013, Vol. 67, 336-344. doi:10.5014/ajot.2013.007625
Abstract

OBJECTIVE. The Self-Perceptions in Rehabilitation Questionnaire (SPIRQ) is a brief measure developed to monitor client self-perceptions, motivation, and emotional reactions throughout rehabilitation. We describe the SPIRQ’s development and preliminary psychometric evaluation.

METHOD. One hundred five adults with traumatic brain injury attending two brain injury rehabilitation units completed the SPIRQ during occupational therapy sessions. A subset (n = 33) completed the SPIRQ twice over a 5- to 7-day interval to examine test–retest reliability.

RESULTS. Exploratory factor analysis yielded three factors: Changes in Self and Life Plans, Self in Rehabilitation, and Emotional Reactions. Their internal consistency was sound (αs = .72–.83). Test–retest reliability was generally acceptable (rs = .67–.81), and scores did not significantly change between testing occasions (p > .05).

CONCLUSION. We found preliminary support for the SPIRQ scales’ reliability and construct validity. Future empirical evaluation and potential clinical applications of the SPIRQ in occupational therapy are discussed.