Research Article  |   May 2013
Review of Instrument Development and Testing Studies for Children and Youth
Author Affiliations
  • Claudia List Hilton, PhD, MBA, OTR/L, SROT, FAOTA, is Assistant Professor, Program in Occupational Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO; hiltonc@wusm.wustl.edu. Address correspondence to 12803 Westledge Lane, St. Louis, MO 63131
  • Sophie E. Goloff is Research Assistant, Program in Occupational Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO
  • Ofra Altaras, OT(I), is Research Assistant, Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
  • Naomi Josman, PhD, OT(I), is Associate Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, Joint Program, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa and Technion, Haifa, Israel
Article Information
Assessment Development and Testing / Evidence-Based Practice / Pediatric Evaluation and Intervention / School-Based Practice / Departments
Research Article   |   May 2013
Review of Instrument Development and Testing Studies for Children and Youth
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, May/June 2013, Vol. 67, e30-e54. doi:10.5014/ajot.2013.007831
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, May/June 2013, Vol. 67, e30-e54. doi:10.5014/ajot.2013.007831
Abstract

We reviewed 12 articles from 2012 that addressed development and testing of instruments for children and youths and American Journal of Occupational Therapy articles from 2009–2013 that addressed 11 activity and participation instruments to determine how well this group of instruments facilitates the generation of evidence sufficient to support practice in accordance with the Centennial Vision. We observed an increase in the number of instrument development and testing studies and in higher level studies and larger cohorts; funding was provided for almost half of the studies, and attention was given to use of blind testing and transition to adult-age assessments. Further development of performance-based activity and participation instruments; instruments that examine biomedical molecular–cellular, biomedical, and environmental mechanisms; and intervention fidelity measures and increased use of blind testing are necessary for occupational therapy to meet the Centennial Vision.