Research Article  |   July 2013
Research Utilization and Evidence-Based Practice in Occupational Therapy: A Scoping Study
Author Affiliations
  • Aliki Thomas, PhD, OT(c), is Assistant Professor, School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University, 3654 Promenade Sir William Osler, Montreal, QC, Canada H3G 1Y5; aliki.thomas@mcgill.ca. At the time of the study, she was Postdoctoral Fellow, CanChild Center for Childhood Disability Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
  • Mary Law, PhD, FCAOT, FCAHS, is Professor, School of Rehabilitation Science, CanChild Centre for Childhood Disability Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
Article Information
Evidence-Based Practice / Professional Topics
Research Article   |   July 2013
Research Utilization and Evidence-Based Practice in Occupational Therapy: A Scoping Study
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, July/August 2013, Vol. 67, e55-e65. doi:10.5014/ajot.2013.006395
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, July/August 2013, Vol. 67, e55-e65. doi:10.5014/ajot.2013.006395
Abstract

Many articles have been written on the barriers to and facilitators of the use of evidence in practice in nursing and medicine, but to date no extensive review has been published of the literature on evidence-based practice (EBP) supports in occupational therapy. This article presents the results of a scoping review that examined factors that support the integration of research into practice. A review of 69 articles revealed four themes: (1) attitudes toward, perceptions of, confidence in, and use of research and EBP; (2) factors that support the use of research in practice; (3) effects of interventions targeting changes in knowledge, attitudes, skills, behaviors, and evidence-based practices; and (4) identification of the processes involved in the acquisition of EBP skills and their application in clinical practice. A process that integrates client-centered practice, structured reflection, case application, and peer consultations within a scholarship of practice model facilitates occupational therapists’ evaluation and integration of research evidence.