Research Article  |   July 2013
Emergence of Scholarship in the American Journal of Occupational Therapy
Author Affiliations
  • Elizabeth Blesedell Crepeau, PhD, OT, FAOTA, is Professor Emerita, Occupational Therapy Department, University of New Hampshire, Hewitt Hall, 4 Library Way, Durham, NH 03824; elizabeth.crepeau@unh.edu
  • Linda H. Wilson, PhD, MSc, DHA, NZROT, NDAET, is Principal Lecturer, School of Occupational Therapy, Otago Polytechnic, Dunedin, New Zealand
Article Information
Evidence-Based Practice / Professional Issues / Professional Topics
Research Article   |   July 2013
Emergence of Scholarship in the American Journal of Occupational Therapy
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, July/August 2013, Vol. 67, e66-e76. doi:10.5014/ajot.2013.006882
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, July/August 2013, Vol. 67, e66-e76. doi:10.5014/ajot.2013.006882
Abstract

We undertook a content analysis of 192 American Journal of Occupational Therapy articles published from 1947 to 2010 to understand and explicate the emergence of scholarship within the profession. Scholarship includes scientific inquiry, empirical research, and other forms of inquiry. We identified and coded three aspects of the development of scholarship: argument, methodological rigor, and occupational focus. All three aspects increased over the evaluated period, during which substantial changes occurred in the profession’s practice and access to higher education. We see the development of scholarship as aligned with the claiming of the profession’s independence and voice.