Research Article  |   January 2011
Development and Validation of the Modified Occupational Questionnaire
Author Affiliations
  • Justin Newton Scanlan, GDipMentalHlthSc, is PhD Candidate, Participation in Everyday Life Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Level 1 Administration, Concord Centre for Mental Health, Concord Repatriation General Hospital, Hospital Road, Concord, New South Wales 2139 Australia; jsca9701@uni.sydney.edu.au
  • Anita C. Bundy, ScD, OTR, FAOTA, is Professor and Chair of Occupational Therapy, Participation in Everyday Life Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Article Information
Assessment Development and Testing / Health and Wellness / Education of OTs and OTAs / Health and Wellness
Research Article   |   January 2011
Development and Validation of the Modified Occupational Questionnaire
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January/February 2011, Vol. 65, e11-e19. doi:10.5014/ajot.2011.09042
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January/February 2011, Vol. 65, e11-e19. doi:10.5014/ajot.2011.09042
Abstract

OBJECTIVE. We developed the Modified Occupational Questionnaire (MOQ), a simple, quantitative measure of meaningful time use.

METHOD. The MOQ, a time diary based on the Occupational Questionnaire, was piloted with a group of occupational therapy students and revised before use in a larger investigation involving young unemployed Australians (N = 228). External validity was examined by comparing MOQ time-use data with data from the 2006 Australian Time Use Survey. Internal validity was examined through Rasch analysis procedures.

RESULTS. The MOQ demonstrated very good external validity (correlations >.85); acceptable rating scale, item function, and person performance validity; very good item and person reliability indexes (1.00 and 0.93, respectively); and a good person separation index (3.52).

CONCLUSION. The MOQ is a simple and valid measure of the basic elements of meaningful time use. Future research is required to further develop the MOQ, particularly in populations other than people who are unemployed.