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Research Article  |   January 1996
Effects of a Skiing Experience on Adolescents With Limb Deficiencies: An Occupational Adaptation Perspective
Author Affiliations
  • Paula Berg Pasek, MOT, OTR, is Staff Therapist, Rose Medical Center, 4567 East 9th Avenue, Denver, Colorado 80220
  • Janette K. Schkade, PhD, OTR, is Professor and Dean, School of Occupational Therapy, Texas Woman’s University, Denton, Texas
Article Information
Pediatric Evaluation and Intervention / Research
Research Article   |   January 1996
Effects of a Skiing Experience on Adolescents With Limb Deficiencies: An Occupational Adaptation Perspective
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January 1996, Vol. 50, 24-31. doi:10.5014/ajot.50.1.24
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January 1996, Vol. 50, 24-31. doi:10.5014/ajot.50.1.24
Abstract

Objective. Effects of a 6-day snow skiing trip on 14 adolescents with limb deficiencies were explored. The purpose was to determine whether components of mastery and self-esteem could be identified.

Method. Participant observation data collection methods included videotape, interviews, daily progress notes by ski instructors, and a 1-month posttrip questionnaire. Data were analyzed for evidence of efficiency, effectiveness, and satisfaction to self and others (properties of relative mastery described in occupational adaptation.) Skier reports of positive effects were analyzed for indications of an impact on self-esteem. Three occupational therapists who have extensive experience working with adolescents also reviewed videotapes and written information.

Results. The therapists acknowledged the presence of skill mastery as an important component of skiers’ positive self-evaluation. They also commented that evidence of preexisting self-esteem and social aspects of the trip were as likely to produce positive effects as mastery of skiing.

Conclusion. Research method considerations (use of participant observation for hypothesis testing) preclude definitive interpretation of a link between skill mastery and self-esteem. Short-term positive effects of the skiing experience reported by questionnaire were present 1 month after the trip. Long-term effects should be studied.