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Research Article  |   January 1996
Fine Motor Outcomes in Preschool Children Who Receive Occupational Therapy Services
Author Affiliations
  • Jane Case-Smith, EdD, OTR, BCP, is Assistant Professor, Division of Occupational Therapy, Ohio State University, 406 School of Allied Medical Professions, 1585 Perry Street, Columbus, Ohio 43210
Article Information
School-Based Practice / Practice
Research Article   |   January 1996
Fine Motor Outcomes in Preschool Children Who Receive Occupational Therapy Services
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January 1996, Vol. 50, 52-61. doi:10.5014/ajot.50.1.52
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January 1996, Vol. 50, 52-61. doi:10.5014/ajot.50.1.52
Abstract

Objective. This study examined preschool children’s acquisition of fine motor skills and functional performance when occupational therapy services are included as part of the educational program. It also investigated the relationships among fine motor skills and functional performance in self-care, mobility, and social function.

Method. Twenty-six preschool children who received weekly occupational therapy were studied. Measurements of their in-hand manipulation, tool use, eye–hand coordination, grasping strength, and functional performance in self-care, mobility, and social function were taken at the beginning and end of the school year.

Results. Raw and scaled scores showed significant improvements in all skill areas; standard scores showed slight improvement in eye–hand coordination and mobility function. Correlations of the motor skill tests with the functional performance scales using year-end data revealed significant correlations for in-hand manipulation, eye–hand coordination, and grasping strength with self-care function and mobility.

Conclusions. The results demonstrate the level of change that occurs in fine motor skill and self-care, mobility, and social function during the course of the school year for preschoolers with moderate fine motor delays. The relationships found in the year-end testing imply that performance in underlying fine motor skills as the focus of occupational therapy intervention is associated with self-care and mobility function.