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Research Article  |   June 1998
Creating Opportunities for Occupation: An Intervention To Promote the Self-Care Independence of Young Children With Special Needs
Author Affiliations
  • Diane Hammon Kellegrew, PhD, OTR, is Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Southern California, 1540 Alcazar, CHP-133, Los Angeles, California,90033
Article Information
Wound Management / Special Issue on Occupation-Centered Research
Research Article   |   June 1998
Creating Opportunities for Occupation: An Intervention To Promote the Self-Care Independence of Young Children With Special Needs
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, June 1998, Vol. 52, 457-465. doi:10.5014/ajot.52.6.457
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, June 1998, Vol. 52, 457-465. doi:10.5014/ajot.52.6.457
Abstract

Objective. The relationship between opportunities for occupation and the skill performance of young children with special needs was explored, using a multiple baseline across subjects design.

Method. Three caregivers self-monitored the frequency with which they were able to create opportunities for their child to practice emerging self-dressing or self-feeding skills.

Results. Two caregivers quickly promoted self-care independence in their child by restructuring daily routines to provide more opportunities for the child to independently engage in the targeted occupation. One caregiver was unable to use the intervention techniques effectively.

Conclusion. Opportunity for occupation can influence the child’s skill performance and can be used as a treatment modality by some families.