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Research Article  |   July 1998
Communicating With Clients About Treatment Outcomes: The Use of Meta-Analytic Evidence in Collaborative Treatment Planning
Author Affiliations
  • Linda Tickle-Degnen, PhD, OTR/L, is Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, Sargent College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Boston University, 635 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215
Article Information
Evidence-Based Practice / Research / Quantitative Research Series
Research Article   |   July 1998
Communicating With Clients About Treatment Outcomes: The Use of Meta-Analytic Evidence in Collaborative Treatment Planning
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, July/August 1998, Vol. 52, 526-530. doi:10.5014/ajot.52.7.526
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, July/August 1998, Vol. 52, 526-530. doi:10.5014/ajot.52.7.526
Abstract

The purpose of this article is to describe how therapists can use information from the research literature, specifically from meta-analyses, to inform clients and their fami1y members about probable outcomes of participating, or not participating, in treatment. Meta-analyses are particularly useful to clinicians because they summarize findings from a large number of outcome studies in a rigorous, comprehensive, and concise format. The quantitative presentation of meta-analyses may be daunting to those who are not familiar with meta-analytic procedures and statistics. Therefore, this article describes a simple method for making clinically relevant interpretations of meta-analytic results. Furthermore, specific examples that are based on actual meta-analyses are given as models for communicating with clients and their family members about treatment outcomes in order to facilitate collaboration during treatment planning.