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Other  |   September 1998
Tracing Research Methodology in Occupational Therapy
Author Affiliations
  • Cheryl Custard, OTD, OTR/L, is in private practice in Omaha, Nebraska. At the time of writing this article, she was Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, Creighton University, Omaha, Nebraska. (Mailing address: 14968 H Street, Omaha, Nebraska 68137)
Article Information
Departments / Looking Back
Other   |   September 1998
Tracing Research Methodology in Occupational Therapy
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, September 1998, Vol. 52, 676-683. doi:10.5014/ajot.52.8.676
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, September 1998, Vol. 52, 676-683. doi:10.5014/ajot.52.8.676
Abstract

As a profession, occupational therapy has been repeatedly confronted with the challenge to prove the value of occupation as a therapeutic medium. The types of research pursued by occupational therapists have evolved in response to societal trends, external pressures, and the priorities of individual practitioners. Although many therapists have reconciled the pursuit of research with the roots of occupational therapy through an adherence to naturalistic methods, others continue to value experimental research designs. This article explores the rise of qualitative research methods in occupational therapy and addresses the current dilemma between naturalistic and positivistic designs.