Anne E. Dickerson; Driving Assessment Tools Used by Driver Rehabilitation Specialists: Survey of Use and Implications for Practice. Am J Occup Ther 2013;67(5):564-573. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2013.007823.
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© 2017 American Occupational Therapy Association
OBJECTIVE. This article describes the use of assessment tools by North American driver rehabilitation specialists (DRSs).
PARTICIPANTS. Participants were 227 self-identified DRSs from the combined databases of two national associations.
MEASURES. Information was solicited through a self-administered survey about the driving evaluation process, assessment tools, and process for making fitness-to-drive recommendations.
RESULTS. More than 80% of the DRSs reported testing visual acuity, range of motion, muscle strength, and fine motor coordination. The most consistently used cognitive–perceptual tests were the Trail Making Tests, Motor-Free Visual Perception Test–Revised, and short cognitive screening tests. A client’s behind-the-wheel performance was the main factor in making a fitness-to-drive recommendation. Few specialists are using computer-based tests or interactive driving simulators.
CONCLUSION. Although use of the Useful Field of View® has increased, there continues to be no consistency in cognitive assessments or guidelines for behind-the-wheel assessment. Implications for practice are discussed.
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