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Research Article  |   October 1996
Providing Effective Occupational Therapy Services: Data-Based Decision Making in School-Based Practice
Author Affiliations
  • Gloria Frolek Clark, MS, OTR/L, FAOTA, is School Occupational Therapist, Heartland Area Education Agency, 608 Greene, Adel, Iowa 50003
  • Linda E. Miller, MA, is Educational Trainer, Heartland Area Education Agency, Johnston, Iowa
Article Information
Research
Research Article   |   October 1996
Providing Effective Occupational Therapy Services: Data-Based Decision Making in School-Based Practice
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, October 1996, Vol. 50, 701-708. doi:10.5014/ajot.50.9.701
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, October 1996, Vol. 50, 701-708. doi:10.5014/ajot.50.9.701
Abstract

Educational practice is moving away from an “eligibility-oriented” student–problem approach toward a problem-solving approach that connects evaluation and interventions. This approach involves the identification of variables used to frame interventions, and, ultimately, it permits evaluation of intervention effectiveness. This article describes a problem-solving model developed and used within the Heartland Area Education Agency. This model relies on collecting baseline data and ongoing data, producing a basis not only for decision making, but also for evaluating the chosen intervention. This systematic and collaborative approach is used by the educational team to identify concerns about students’ academic and nonacademic performance, to plan interventions, and to establish measurable outcomes.