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Research Article  |   November 1996
The Assessment of Motor and Process Skills Applied Cross-Culturally to the Japanese
Author Affiliations
  • Sawako Goto, MS, OT, was Graduate Student, Occupational Therapy Department, Occupational Therapy Building, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, at the time of this study
  • Anne G. Fisher, ScD, OTR, is Professor, Occupational Therapy Department, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523
  • Wanda L. Mayberry, PhD, OTR, is Associate Professor, Occupational Therapy Department, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado
Article Information
Research
Research Article   |   November 1996
The Assessment of Motor and Process Skills Applied Cross-Culturally to the Japanese
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, November/December 1996, Vol. 50, 798-806. doi:10.5014/ajot.50.10.798
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, November/December 1996, Vol. 50, 798-806. doi:10.5014/ajot.50.10.798
Abstract

Objectives. The purposes of this study were to examine the cross-cultural validity of the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS) as well as the reliability of raters from different cultures.

Method. Six trained raters from diverse cultural backgrounds scored 10 Japanese subjects’ performances on familiar and culturally relevant tasks of their own choosing.

Results. Results indicated high cross-cultural validity and interrater reliability for the AMPS, as indicated by goodness of fit of subjects and raters via the many-faceted Rasch measurement model. The relative rater severity was also evaluated cross-culturally by the standardized difference (z). The Japanese rater and one of the three American raters varied significantly in severity between their scoring of Japanese subjects versus European subjects.

Conclusion. The results support the hypothesis that the AMPS can be used as a cross cultural instrumental activities of daily living assessment. Further study is needed to clarify the issue of possible cultural bias in rater severity.