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Research Article  |   January 1998
What Do We Need To Know To Practice Occupational Therapy in the Community?
Author Affiliations
  • Mary Ann McColl, PhD, is Associate Professor and Head, Division of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation Therapy, Queen’s University, Louise Acton Building, 3 George Street, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
Article Information
Special Issue on Community Health / Carolyn Baum, Mary Law, Guest Editors
Research Article   |   January 1998
What Do We Need To Know To Practice Occupational Therapy in the Community?
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January 1998, Vol. 52, 11-18. doi:10.5014/ajot.52.1.11
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January 1998, Vol. 52, 11-18. doi:10.5014/ajot.52.1.11
Abstract

One of the main challenges to occupational therapists in community practice is applying our existing knowledge base to support a different kind of practice in the community. This article explores the theory base in occupational therapy that informs three models of community practice: client centered, community-based rehabilitation, and independent living. It defines these three preferred models of service delivery for community practice and looks at the knowledge requirements for each. Using a taxonomy developed to classify occupational therapy theory, the article examines existing theory and gaps in the theory base for occupational therapy in community practice. Finally, the article challenges practicing therapists, educators, and researchers to examine their use of theory and their underlying assumptions for meeting the challenge of community practice.