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Research Article  |   January 1998
Occupational Therapy in Pediatric Lead Exposure Prevention
Author Affiliations
  • Margaretha Hotz, OTR, is Staff Occupational Therapist, Texas Childrens Hospital, Physical and Rehabilitation Services, West Tower, Suite B130, 6621 Fannin Street, Houston, Texas 77030. At the time of this study, she was Student, Program in Occupational Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri
  • Kathy Kniepmann, MPH, EdM, OTR, is Lecturer in Occupational Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri
  • Luci Kohn, PhD, is Assistant Professor of Occupational Therapy and Anatomy, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri
Article Information
Learning Disabilities / Pediatric Evaluation and Intervention / Special Issue on Community Health / Carolyn Baum, Mary Law, Guest Editors
Research Article   |   January 1998
Occupational Therapy in Pediatric Lead Exposure Prevention
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January 1998, Vol. 52, 53-59. doi:10.5014/ajot.52.1.53
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January 1998, Vol. 52, 53-59. doi:10.5014/ajot.52.1.53
Abstract

Environmental lead is a toxic substance that is affecting the growth and development of 3 to 4 million U.S. preschool children today, with effects ranging from learning disabilities to death. This review of environmental lead sources and effects on children provides a background for comprehensive prevention of childhood lead exposure. Prevention strategies at the child, family, and community levels allow for widespread protection of child health and development. Prevention begins with an understanding of the person-environment-occupation framework for the factors that contribute to children at risk for lead exposure. An open system model is presented with specific interventions at the child, family, and community levels, providing innovative, integrated contributions by occupational therapy practitioners for lead exposure prevention and health promotion of children who have been exposed to environmental lead.