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Research Article  |   March 2007
Development of the Sensory Processing Measure–School: Initial Studies of Reliability and Validity
Author Affiliations
  • Heather Miller-Kuhaneck, MS, OTR/L, is Instructor, Sacred Heart University, Fairfield, CT
  • Diana A. Henry, MS, OTR/L, is Owner, Author, and Instructor, Henry OT Services, Inc., on Ateachabout, www.ateachabout.com
  • Tara J. Glennon, EdD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Professor of Occupational Therapy, Quinnipiac University, Hamden, CT; and Owner, Centers for Pediatric Therapy, CT. Corresponding address: 23 Seaview Avenue, Milford, CT 06460; tara.glennon@quinnipiac.edu
  • Keli Mu, PhD, OTR/L, is Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, Creighton University, Omaha, NE
Article Information
Sensory Integration and Processing / Conceptualizing and Identifying Sensory Processing Issues
Research Article   |   March 2007
Development of the Sensory Processing Measure–School: Initial Studies of Reliability and Validity
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, March/April 2007, Vol. 61, 170-175. doi:10.5014/ajot.61.2.170
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, March/April 2007, Vol. 61, 170-175. doi:10.5014/ajot.61.2.170
Abstract

OBJECTIVE. The history and development of the Sensory Processing Measure–School are detailed, and findings of initial pilot studies are reported.

METHOD. Multiple reviews, focus groups, case studies, and two pilot studies were used to develop the early versions of the tool. Internal consistency and discriminatory ability were examined.

RESULTS. Internal consistency measured with Cronbach’s alphas ranged from .93 to .99 in the first pilot study and .70 to .99 in the second pilot study. Children who were typically developing were correctly classified 92.3% of the time, and children with sensory issues were correctly classified 72% of the time.

CONCLUSION. Initial results suggest that the tool is reliable and valid and discriminates children with and without sensory processing issues. Further research is under way with larger samples.