Free
Research Article  |   March 2007
A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study of the Effectiveness of Occupational Therapy for Children With Sensory Modulation Disorder
Author Affiliations
  • Lucy Jane Miller, PhD, OTR, FAOTA, is Associate Clinical Professor, Departments of Rehabilitation Medicine and Pediatrics, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center; Director, Sensory Therapies and Research (STAR) Center; and Executive Director, KID Foundation, 5655 South Yosemite Street, Suite 305, Greenwood Village, CO 80111; miller@kidfoundation.org
  • Joseph R. Coll, PhD, is Assistant Research Professor, Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO
  • Sarah A. Schoen, PhD, OTR, is Clinical Instructor, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center; Director of Occupational Therapy, STAR Center; and Senior Researcher, KID Foundation, Greenwood Village, CO
Article Information
Complementary/Alternative Approaches / Sensory Integration and Processing / Sensory Integration Treatment
Research Article   |   March 2007
A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study of the Effectiveness of Occupational Therapy for Children With Sensory Modulation Disorder
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, March/April 2007, Vol. 61, 228-238. doi:10.5014/ajot.61.2.228
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, March/April 2007, Vol. 61, 228-238. doi:10.5014/ajot.61.2.228
Abstract

OBJECTIVE. A pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) of the effectiveness of occupational therapy using a sensory integration approach (OT-SI) was conducted with children who had sensory modulation disorders (SMDs). This study evaluated the effectiveness of three treatment groups. In addition, sample size estimates for a large scale, multisite RCT were calculated.

METHOD. Twenty-four children with SMD were randomly assigned to one of three treatment conditions; OT-SI, Activity Protocol, and No Treatment. Pretest and posttest measures of behavior, sensory and adaptive functioning, and physiology were administered.

RESULTS. The OT-SI group, compared to the other two groups, made significant gains on goal attainment scaling and on the Attention subtest and the Cognitive/Social composite of the Leiter International Performance Scale–Revised. Compared to the control groups, OT-SI improvement trends on the Short Sensory Profile, Child Behavior Checklist, and electrodermal reactivity were in the hypothesized direction.

CONCLUSION. Findings suggest that OT-SI may be effective in ameliorating difficulties of children with SMD.