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Research Article  |   March 2007
Goal Attainment Scaling as a Measure of Meaningful Outcomes for Children With Sensory Integration Disorders
Author Affiliations
  • Zoe Mailloux, MA, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Director of Administration, Pediatric Therapy Network, 1815 West 213th Street, Suite 100, Torrance, CA 90501; zoem@PTNmail.org
  • Teresa A. May-Benson, ScD, OTR/L, is Research Director, The SPIRAL Foundation; and Clinical Specialty Director, Occupational Therapy Associates, Watertown, MA
  • Clare A. Summers, MA, OTR, is Occupational Therapist, The Children’s Hospital, Denver, CO
  • Lucy Jane Miller, PhD, OTR, FAOTA, is Associate Clinical Professor, Departments of Rehabilitation Medicine and Pediatrics, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center; Director, Sensory Therapies and Research (STAR) Center; and Director, KID Foundation, Greenwood Village, CO
  • Barbara Brett-Green, PhD, is Assistant Professor, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center; Senior Researcher, KID Foundation, Greenwood Village, CO
  • Janice P. Burke, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Professor and Chair, Department of Occupational Therapy; and Dean, wJefferson School of Health Professions, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia
  • Ellen S. Cohn, ScD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Clinical Associate Professor, Boston University–Sargent College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Boston
  • Jane A. Koomar, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Owner and Executive Director, Occupational Therapy Associates, PC, and The SPIRAL Foundation, Watertown, MA
  • L. Diane Parham, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Associate Professor, Division of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles
  • Susanne Smith Roley, MS, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Project Director, USC/WPC Comprehensive Program in Sensory Integration, University of Southern California, Los Angeles; and Coordinator of Education and Research, Pediatric Therapy Network, Torrance, CA
  • Roseann C. Schaaf, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Associate Professor, Vice Chair, and Director of Graduate Studies, Department of Occupational Therapy, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia
  • Sarah A. Schoen, PhD, OTR, is Clinical Instructor, University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center; Director of Occupational Therapy, STAR Center; and Senior Researcher, KID Foundation, Greenwood Village, CO
Article Information
Sensory Integration and Processing / Departments / The Issue Is
Research Article   |   March 2007
Goal Attainment Scaling as a Measure of Meaningful Outcomes for Children With Sensory Integration Disorders
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, March/April 2007, Vol. 61, 254-259. doi:10.5014/ajot.61.2.254
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, March/April 2007, Vol. 61, 254-259. doi:10.5014/ajot.61.2.254
Abstract

Goal attainment scaling (GAS) is a methodology that shows promise for application to intervention effectiveness research and program evaluation in occupational therapy (Dreiling & Bundy, 2003; King et al., 1999; Lannin, 2003; Mitchell & Cusick, 1998). This article identifies the recent and current applications of GAS to occupational therapy for children with sensory integration dysfunction, as well as the process, usefulness, and problems of application of the GAS methodology to this population. The advantages and disadvantages of using GAS in single-site and multisite research with this population is explored, as well as the potential solutions and future programs that will strengthen the use of GAS as a measure of treatment effectiveness, both in current clinical practice and in much-needed larger, multisite research studies.