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Research Article  |   September 2007
Perceived Control: How Is It Related to Daily Occupation in Patients With Mental Illness Living in the Community?
Author Affiliations
  • Mona Eklund, PhD, OT (reg), is Professor, Department of Health Sciences, Division of Occupational Therapy and Gerontology, Lund University, PO Box 157, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden; mona.eklund@med.lu.se
Article Information
Mental Health / Mental Health
Research Article   |   September 2007
Perceived Control: How Is It Related to Daily Occupation in Patients With Mental Illness Living in the Community?
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, September/October 2007, Vol. 61, 535-542. doi:10.5014/ajot.61.5.535
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, September/October 2007, Vol. 61, 535-542. doi:10.5014/ajot.61.5.535
Abstract

Perceived control is of significance in occupational therapy, as revealed in empirical research and suggested in practice models. This study investigated the relationship between perceived control and occupational performance in persons with long-term mental illness. The 177 participants were assessed regarding perceived control (locus of control and self-mastery) and occupational performance (activity level and satisfaction with daily occupations). Subgroups with respect to diagnosis and having gainful employment or not were also explored concerning the targeted association. The results indicated relationships between perceived control and occupational performance in the sample as a whole and in all subgroups except that representing people engaged in gainful employment or education. The latter was a surprising result, considering that the importance of perceived control was originally identified in the work science area. The results strongly supported that perceived control should be included in the clinical reasoning of occupational therapists working in mental health care.