Free
Research Article  |   January 2008
A Controlled Study of Services to Enhance Productive Participation Among People With HIV/AIDS
Author Affiliations
  • Gary Kielhofner, DrPH, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612; kielhfnr@uic.edu
  • Brent Braveman, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Clinical Professor of Occupational Therapy, College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago
  • Louis Fogg, PhD, is Visiting Professor, and Mara Levin, MS, OTR/L, is Visiting Specialist in Occupational Therapy, College of Applied Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago
Article Information
Professional Issues / Rehabilitation, Disability, and Participation
Research Article   |   January 2008
A Controlled Study of Services to Enhance Productive Participation Among People With HIV/AIDS
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January/February 2008, Vol. 62, 36-45. doi:10.5014/ajot.62.1.36
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January/February 2008, Vol. 62, 36-45. doi:10.5014/ajot.62.1.36
Abstract

OBJECTIVE. This study assessed the effectiveness of a model program designed to increase productive participation among people living with HIV/AIDS within supportive-living facilities.

METHODS. Using a nonrandomized, two-group design, 65 study participants were assigned to either the model program or standard care. Data on productive participation were collected at 3, 6, and 9 months after completion of the model or standard program. Outcomes were compared at each time point.

RESULTS. Forty-six participants completed the study. Participants in the two programs did not differ significantly on baseline demographic variables. Model program participants showed significantly higher levels of productive participation at all three time points (p < .05). Odds ratios were all > 3, reflecting that participants attending the model program were at least twice as likely to be productively engaged at all three time points.

CONCLUSION. Results support the effectiveness of the model program in achieving sustained productive participation in persons living with HIV/AIDS.