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Research Article  |   January 2000
Perceptual-Motor Function of School-Age Children With Slow Handwriting Speed
Author Affiliations
  • Mei Hui Tseng, ScD, OTR, is Associate Professor, School of Occupational Therapy, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, No. 7, Chung-Shan S. Road, Taipei, Taiwan 10016, R.O.C.; mhtseng@ha.mc.ntu.edu.tw
  • Susanna M. K. Chow, BSc, MSc, MA, is Assistant Professor, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
Article Information
Pediatric Evaluation and Intervention / School-Based Practice / Parenting
Research Article   |   January 2000
Perceptual-Motor Function of School-Age Children With Slow Handwriting Speed
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January/February 2000, Vol. 54, 83-88. doi:10.5014/ajot.54.1.83
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January/February 2000, Vol. 54, 83-88. doi:10.5014/ajot.54.1.83
Abstract

Objectives. This study investigated differences in perceptual-motor measures and sustained attention between children with slow and normal handwriting speed and the relationship between these factors.

Method. Thirty-four slow handwriters and 35 normal speed handwriters (7 to 11 years of age) attending elementary schools in Taiwan were given three perceptual-motor tests and a vigilance task to assess sustained attention. Performances on these measures were analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance and regression analyses.

Results. A significant difference was found between slow and normal handwriters in upper-limb coordination, visual memory, spatial relation, form constancy, visual sequential memory, figure ground, visual-motor integration, and sustained attention. The three significant predictors of handwriting speed for the slow handwriters were age, visual sequential memory, and visual-motor integration. For the normal speed handwriters, age and upper-limb speed and dexterity were the only two significant predictors.

Conclusions. Slow and normal speed handwriters responded to handwriting demands through different perceptual-motor systems. Whereas upper-limb speed and dexterity seems to play an important role in normal speed handwriters, slow handwriters seem to rely more on visually directed processes, including sequence memory and visual-motor integration.