Free
Research Article  |   July 2002
A Validity Study of the Evaluation Tool of Children’s Handwriting–Cursive
Author Affiliations
  • Susan M. Koziatek, MS, OTR, is Staff Occupational Therapist, Department of Support and Related Services– Maple Lane Elementary, Macomb Intermediate School District, 34600 Dryden, Sterling Heights, Michigan 48312; skoziatek@misd.net
  • Nancy J. Powell, PhD, OTR, FAOTA, is Associate Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan
Article Information
Pediatric Evaluation and Intervention / School-Based Practice / Children’s Handwriting—Cursive
Research Article   |   July 2002
A Validity Study of the Evaluation Tool of Children’s Handwriting–Cursive
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, July/August 2002, Vol. 56, 446-453. doi:10.5014/ajot.56.4.446
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, July/August 2002, Vol. 56, 446-453. doi:10.5014/ajot.56.4.446
Abstract

OBJECTIVES. This study examined concurrent validity of the Evaluation Tool of Children’s Handwriting–Cursive (ETCH-C) by comparing ETCH-C total legibility percentage scores with handwriting grades from teachers. The study also identified the legibility percentage score discriminating between satisfactory and unsatisfactory handwriting.

METHOD. The participants were 101 fourth graders who completed two handwriting instruments. Three teachers sorted the Cursive Practice and Review work sheets into A, B, C, and unsatisfactory groups to establish handwriting grade. The study compared ETCH-C total legibility percentage scores with teacher grading, using personal judgment of handwriting on the Cursive Practice and Review work sheet.

RESULTS. Mean legibility percentage scores increased significantly as handwriting grade increased. The concurrent validity coefficients were .61 for ETCH-C total words and .65 for ETCH-C total letters and handwriting grade. ETCH-C legibility percentage scores discriminating satisfactory from unsatisfactory handwriting ranged from 73% to 82% on ROC (receiver operating characteristic) curves.

CONCLUSION. Results support the concurrent validity of the ETCH-C with handwriting grades. A 75% word legibility percentage score discriminated satisfactory and unsatisfactory handwriting.