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Research Article  |   March 2008
Background and Methodology of the Older Driver Evidence-Based Systematic Literature Review
Author Affiliations
  • Wendy B. Stav, PhD, OTR/L, SCDCM, is Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy and Occupational Science, Towson University, 8000 York Road, Towson, MD 21252; wstav@towson.edu
  • Marian Arbesman, PhD, OTR/L, is President, ArbesIdeas, Inc.; Consultant, AOTA Evidence-Based Literature Review Project; and Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Rehabilitation Science, School of Public Health and Health Professions, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Williamsville
  • Deborah Lieberman, MHSA, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Program Director, Evidence-Based Practice, American Occupational Therapy Association, Bethesda, MD
Article Information
Community Mobility and Driving / Evidence-Based Practice / Geriatrics/Productive Aging / Driving and Community Mobility
Research Article   |   March 2008
Background and Methodology of the Older Driver Evidence-Based Systematic Literature Review
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, March/April 2008, Vol. 62, 130-135. doi:10.5014/ajot.62.2.130
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, March/April 2008, Vol. 62, 130-135. doi:10.5014/ajot.62.2.130
Abstract

In response to demands of health care and community-based systems, occupational therapy practitioners are eager to provide effective services that are client centered, supported by evidence, and delivered in an efficient and cost-effective manner. Findings from the scientific literature provide a source of legitimacy and authority for informing and guiding practice in all areas, including driving and community mobility with older adults. A systematic review examined studies designed to enhance the driving ability, performance, and safety of older adults. This article presents an overview of the methodology used to develop the focused questions related to the person, vehicle, infrastructure, and policy and community mobility; conduct the literature review; and establish quality control. It includes a summary of the evidence and implications of the review for clinical practice, education, and research to ultimately identify interventions effective in supporting older adult participation and engagement in occupation.