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Research Article  |   January 1995
Weaving the Warp and Weft of Occupational Therapy: An Art and Science for All Times
Author Affiliations
  • Wendy Wood, MA, OTR, is a doctoral candidate in occupational science, University of Southern California, Department of Occupational Therapy, 1540 Alcazar Street, Room 133, Los Angeles, California 90033
Article Information
Health and Wellness / Practice
Research Article   |   January 1995
Weaving the Warp and Weft of Occupational Therapy: An Art and Science for All Times
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January 1995, Vol. 49, 44-52. doi:10.5014/ajot.49.1.44
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January 1995, Vol. 49, 44-52. doi:10.5014/ajot.49.1.44
Abstract

This article employs a metaphor of weaving in order to analyze, both historically and critically, the art and science of occupational therapy. To spark reflection about where occupational therapy has been, is now, and would like to progress as the new century approaches, the article is thematically organized around the profession’s two most fundamental convictions. These convictions are termed the warp and weft of occupational therapy. The warp of occupational therapy is defined as our philosophical belief that engagement in occupation can favorably influence health. The weft of occupational therapy is defined as our humanistic value of respect for the person. Occupational therapy is, in turn, regarded as a powerful tapestry of human potential that unfolds when this belief and value are therapeutically applied. By analyzing selective clinical, educational, and research initiatives throughout this century, the article is dedicated to the continued adherence to, and development of, occupational therapy’s core principles.