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Research Article  |   September 1995
Computer-Assisted Instruction as a Learning Resource for Applied Anatomy and Kinesiology in the Occupational Therapy Curriculum
Author Affiliations
  • Susan Toth-Cohen, MS, OTR/L, CHT, is an Instructor in the Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Allied Health Sciences, Thomas Jefferson University, 130 South Ninth Street, Suite 820, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107
Article Information
Education of OTs and OTAs / Education
Research Article   |   September 1995
Computer-Assisted Instruction as a Learning Resource for Applied Anatomy and Kinesiology in the Occupational Therapy Curriculum
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, September 1995, Vol. 49, 821-827. doi:10.5014/ajot.49.8.821
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, September 1995, Vol. 49, 821-827. doi:10.5014/ajot.49.8.821
Abstract

Objectives. The purpose of these studies was to examine the learning outcomes of a computer-assisted instruction (CAI) tutorial in applied anatomy and kinesiology for occupational therapy students and to determine its applicability for use in two university settings.

Method. Two separate pilot studies were conducted at two universities. In each study, the learning outcomes of an experimental group of occupational therapy students using a CAI program and a control group using books to study the same material were compared. Learning outcomes were assessed with posttest achievement test scores on an applied anatomy and kinesiology test and responses to an attitude questionnaire with Likert-scale items and open-ended questions.

Results. There was no significant difference in the means on achievement test scores for the experimental and control groups in the first pilot study. In the second study, the CAI group scored significantly higher on the achievement test than the control group. In both pilot studies, subjects displayed significantly more positive attitudes toward the CAI program as a learning tool than they did toward traditional self-study with books.

Conclusion. A CAI program in applied anatomy and kinesiology can be an effective supplemental resource for occupational therapy students and can offer a learning experience that students value and perceive as helpful. Establishment of clear learning objectives, use of a theoretical base to design instruction, and development and testing in different educational settings can help improve the quality of CAI programs and ensure their relevance to other curricula.