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Research Article  |   May 1994
Enhancing Occupational Performance Through an Understanding of Perceived Self-Efficacy
Author Affiliations
  • Marie Gage, MSc, is Director, Department of Occupational Therapy, Victoria Hospital, London, Ontario, Canada
  • Helene Polatajko, PhD, is Professor and Chair, Department of Occupational Therapy, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
Article Information
Practice
Research Article   |   May 1994
Enhancing Occupational Performance Through an Understanding of Perceived Self-Efficacy
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, May 1994, Vol. 48, 452-461. doi:10.5014/ajot.48.5.452
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, May 1994, Vol. 48, 452-461. doi:10.5014/ajot.48.5.452
Abstract

The construct of perceived self-efficacy, proposed to explain the discrepancy between skill and actual performance, has received widespread attention in the psychological and medical literature. This paper describes the construct in detail, including the difference between self-esteem and perceived self-efficacy, and proposes a goodness of fit with occupational therapy practice.

It is postulated that attention to the assessment and monitoring of perceived self-efficacy, along with the use of activities that closely approximate the actual activities to be performed in the community, will result in improved occupational performance and thus, better occupational therapy outcomes. Occupational therapists are challenged to identify and incorporate this construct into their day-to-day clinical programs to enhance treatment outcomes.