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Research Article  |   September 2004
An Evidence-Based and Occupational Perspective of Interventions for Persons With Substance-Use Disorders
Author Affiliations
  • Virginia C. Stoffel, MS, OTR, FAOTA, is Associate Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee, P.O. Box 413, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201; stoffelv@uwm.edu
  • Penelope A. Moyers, EdD, OTR, FAOTA, is Dean and Professor, School of Occupational Therapy, University of Indianapolis, Indianapolis, Indiana
Article Information
Evidence-Based Practice / Evidence-Based Practice in Mental Health
Research Article   |   September 2004
An Evidence-Based and Occupational Perspective of Interventions for Persons With Substance-Use Disorders
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, September/October 2004, Vol. 58, 570-586. doi:10.5014/ajot.58.5.570
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, September/October 2004, Vol. 58, 570-586. doi:10.5014/ajot.58.5.570
Abstract

An interdisciplinary evidence-based review of interventions among persons with substance-use disorders was completed in 2001 as part of American Occupational Therapy Association’s (AOTA’s) Evidence-Based Literature Review Project (Lieberman & Scheer, 2002). Four effective interventions for adults and adolescents with substance use were identified, including brief interventions, cognitive behavioral therapy, motivational strategies, and 12-step programs. The research studies reviewed reported outcomes primarily related to reduction in alcohol and drug use. Occupational therapy interventions grounded in current evidence-based literature are suggested. Interventions are modified to include an occupational perspective leading to outcomes consistent with the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework (American Occupational Therapy Association [AOTA], 2002). Study findings propose research questions to encourage further investigation of the effectiveness of these best practice interventions.