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Research Article  |   August 1994
Activities of Daily Living Capabilities and Values of Long-Term-Care Facility Residents
Author Affiliations
  • Shelby M. Atwood, MOT, OTR/L, is Program Therapist, Garlington Community Mental Health Center, 4950 Northeast Martin Luther King Boulevard, Portland, Oregon 97211
  • Margo B. Holm, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Professor, University of Puget Sound, Tacoma, Washington, and Adjunct Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Anne James, MS, OTR/L, is Clinical Associate, University of Puget Sound, Tacoma, Washington
Article Information
Long-Term Care/Skilled Nursing Facilities / Research
Research Article   |   August 1994
Activities of Daily Living Capabilities and Values of Long-Term-Care Facility Residents
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, August 1994, Vol. 48, 710-716. doi:10.5014/ajot.48.8.710
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, August 1994, Vol. 48, 710-716. doi:10.5014/ajot.48.8.710
Abstract

Objective. The Minimum Data Set for Nursing Home Resident Assessment and Care Screening was used to compare staff-report and self-report of residents’ capabilities in eight activities of daily living (ADLs) in one long-term-care facility (LTCF).

Method. The relative values residents placed on independence in each of the eight ADLs were compared with their self-reported capabilities in those ADLs. Subjects were 30 LTCF residents ranging in age from 45 to 96 years.

Results. Residents perceived themselves to be significantly more capable than did staff members for dressing (p < .05), toileting (p < .01), locomotion (p < .05), and personal hygiene (p < .001). For five of the ADLs, residents tended to report high capability in the ADLs they valued most.

Conclusion. These findings support the need to include resident self-assessment in treatment planning, because staff members’ and residents’ perceptions of ADL capabilities may differ.