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Research Article  |   August 1994
Motor Behavior Research: Implications for Therapeutic Approaches to Central Nervous System Dysfunction
Author Affiliations
  • Virgil Mathiowetz, PhD, OTR, FAOTA, is Associate Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, College of St. Catherine, 2004 Randolph Avenue, St. Paul, Minnesota 55105
  • Julie Bass Haugen, PhD, OTR, is Associate Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, College of St. Catherine, St. Paul, Minnesota
Article Information
Neurologic Conditions / Practice
Research Article   |   August 1994
Motor Behavior Research: Implications for Therapeutic Approaches to Central Nervous System Dysfunction
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, August 1994, Vol. 48, 733-745. doi:10.5014/ajot.48.8.733
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, August 1994, Vol. 48, 733-745. doi:10.5014/ajot.48.8.733
Abstract

This article reviews the models and theories of motor behavior that are the foundation for the traditional approaches to central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction and presents a new theoretical model and approach that are beginning to influence practice. Reflex, hierarchical, and systems models of motor control and developmental and motor learning theories are discussed. The relationships of these models and theories to past, present, and future treatment approaches to CNS dysfunction are explored. The assumptions and limitations of the muscle reeducation, neurodevelopmental, and motor relearning approaches are discussed. A contemporary task-oriented approach based on the systems model is proposed and contrasted with traditional neurodevelopmental approaches.