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Research Article  |   February 1993
Self-Evaluation and Self-Concept of Adolescents With Physical Disabilities
Author Affiliations
  • Gillian A. King, PhD, is Research Coordinator, Thames Valley Children’s Centre, 779 Base Line Road East, London, Ontario, Canada, N6C 5Y6
  • Izabela Z. Shultz, PhD, C Psych, is a Psychologist, Thames Valley Children’s Centre, London, Ontario, Canada
  • Kathleen Steel, MSc, is a doctoral candidate, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Western Ontario, Ontario, Canada
  • Michelle Gilpin, MA, is a Psychometrist, Thames Valley Children’s Centre, London, Ontario, Canada
  • Tamzin Cathers, BA, is a Research Assistant, Thames Valley Children’s Centre, London, Ontario, Canada
Article Information
Pediatric Evaluation and Intervention / Rehabilitation, Participation, and Disability / Research
Research Article   |   February 1993
Self-Evaluation and Self-Concept of Adolescents With Physical Disabilities
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, February 1993, Vol. 47, 132-140. doi:10.5014/ajot.47.2.132
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, February 1993, Vol. 47, 132-140. doi:10.5014/ajot.47.2.132
Abstract

Fifty-three adolescents aged 14 to 18 years with diagnoses of cerebral palsy (n = 27), cleft lip or palate or both (n = 17), or spina bifida (n = 9) took part in this study examining their self-esteem, self-concept, self-acceptance, social self-efficacy, and values, as measured by standardized instruments. Comparisons were made separately for males and females with norms developed for adolescents without disabilities. Significant differences were found only on several aspects of self-concept: females with physical disabilities were lower in perceived social acceptance, athletic competence, and romantic appeal than the normative sample, and males with physical disabilities were lower in perceived scholastic competence, athletic competence, and romantic appeal. In addition, social self-efficacy was found to be a significant predictor of both independence and persistence in adolescents with disabilities, who were significantly less independent and persistent than were normative samples. The discussion focuses on the usefulness of the findings regarding social self-efficacy and the implications of the findings for occupational therapists.