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Research Article  |   September 1999
Occupational Therapists’ Perceptions of Evidence-Based Practice
Author Affiliations
  • Claire-Jehanne Dubouloz, PhD, OTC, is Assistant Professor, Occupational Therapy Program School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health Science, University of Ottawa, 451 Smyth Road, Ottawa, Ontario K1H 8L5, Canada; Dubouloz@uottawa.ca
  • Mary Egan, PhD, OTC, is Assistant Professor, Occupational Therapy Program, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health Science, University of Ottawa
  • Josée Vallerand, BSc, OTC, is Occupational Therapist, Ontario March of Dimes, Ottawa, Ontario
  • Claudia von Zweck, MSc, OTC, is Executive Director, Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists
Article Information
Evidence-Based Practice / Research Methodology
Research Article   |   September 1999
Occupational Therapists’ Perceptions of Evidence-Based Practice
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, September/October 1999, Vol. 53, 445-453. doi:10.5014/ajot.53.5.445
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, September/October 1999, Vol. 53, 445-453. doi:10.5014/ajot.53.5.445
Abstract

Occupational therapists are increasingly urged to carry out evidenced-based practice; however, little is known regarding their present practice and perceptions of evidence-based practice. To explore this phenomenon, a qualitative study was completed using a grounded theory approach. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with eight occupational therapists who worked in diverse practice settings. Participants were asked to reflect on their own views of evidence-based practice and their use of evidence in therapy. Data were analyzed inductively using constant comparison analysis. Participants’ perceptions of evidence-based practice were described in three broad categories. To these occupational therapists, evidence-based practice is: (a) a process of looking for understanding; (b) associated with research, and; (c) a potential threat to the occupational therapist. These findings produce a basis from which recommendations are made to increase the use of evidence-based practice by occupational therapists.