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Research Article  |   February 1992
Occupational Therapy Intervention With the Alcoholic’s Family
Author Affiliations
  • Penelope A. Moyers, MS, OTR, is Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Indianapolis, 1400 East Hanna Avenue, Indianapolis, Indiana 46227
Article Information
Mental Health / Practice
Research Article   |   February 1992
Occupational Therapy Intervention With the Alcoholic’s Family
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, February 1992, Vol. 46, 105-111. doi:10.5014/ajot.46.2.105
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, February 1992, Vol. 46, 105-111. doi:10.5014/ajot.46.2.105
Abstract

In this paper, the role of occupational therapy in the treatment of the family affected by alcoholism is explored. Literature is reviewed to analyze occupational therapists’ current approaches for interacting with the family. A family-treatment approach, based on systems theory, is organized into three hierarchical treatment levels that accommodate the family’s maladaptive roles. Family treatment methods thought most likely to produce the desired results are delineated according to treatment level. Treatment Level 1 focuses on reduction of maladaptive role behaviors of the family that enable the person’s drinking. At Treatment Level 2, family members are taught coping skills that weaken their reliance on maladaptive roles. Emotional development is stimulated at Treatment Level 3 through confrontation of continued use of maladaptive roles.