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Research Article  |   February 1992
Comparative Effects of Bilateral Hand Splints and an Elbow Orthosis on Stereotypic Hand Movements and Toy Play in Two Children With Rett Syndrome
Author Affiliations
  • Patricia A. Sharpe, MS, OTR, is an Occupational Therapist, Sun Prairie Public Schools, Sun Prairie, Wisconsin. (Mailing address: 621 Pickford Street, Madison, Wisconsin 53711)
Article Information
Autism/Autism Spectrum Disorder / Hand and Upper Extremity / Intellectual Disabilities / Musculoskeletal Impairments / Neurologic Conditions / Pediatric Evaluation and Intervention / Splinting / Research
Research Article   |   February 1992
Comparative Effects of Bilateral Hand Splints and an Elbow Orthosis on Stereotypic Hand Movements and Toy Play in Two Children With Rett Syndrome
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, February 1992, Vol. 46, 134-140. doi:10.5014/ajot.46.2.134
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, February 1992, Vol. 46, 134-140. doi:10.5014/ajot.46.2.134
Abstract

A single-subject rapidly alternating treatment design was used to compare the effectiveness of bilateral hand splints and an elbow orthosis in decreasing stereotypic hand behaviors and increasing toy play in 2 children with Rett syndrome. The subjects’ responses were compared across three treatment conditions: no intervention, hand splints, and elbow orthosis. The order of the treatment phases was randomly selected for each subject. Data were collected in both a free-time condition and a toy-play condition; the outcome measures were stereotypic hand movements and hand-to-toy contact. Both subjects demonstrated a decrease in stereotypic hand movements and a corresponding increase in toy contact with the use of the elbow orthosis. The bilateral hand splints had no obvious treatment effect.