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Research Article  |   September 1993
A Survey of Transportation Services for Children With Disabilities
Author Affiliations
  • Janet Stout Everly, MS, OTR, is Associate Professor of Occupational Therapy, Indiana University School of Medicine, Coleman Hall Room 311, 1140 West Michigan Street, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202-5119
  • Marilyn J. Bull, MD, is Professor of Pediatrics and Medical Director of the Automotive Safety for Children Program and Community Education Program, Indiana University School of Medicine, James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children, Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Karen Bruner Stroup, PhD, is Research Associate, Automotive Safety for Children Program and Director of the Community Education Program, James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children, Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Janet J. Goldsmith, RN, BSN, CPNP, is Area Administrator/Occupant Restraint Coordinator, Iowa Governor’s Traffic Safety Bureau, Des Moines, Iowa
  • Judith P. Doll, MS, is Associate Director, Automotive Safety for Children Program, James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children, Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Robert Russell, MS, is Director of School Traffic Safety, Indiana Department of Education, Indianapolis, Indiana
Article Information
Pediatric Evaluation and Intervention / Rehabilitation, Participation, and Disability / School-Based Practice / Research
Research Article   |   September 1993
A Survey of Transportation Services for Children With Disabilities
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, September 1993, Vol. 47, 804-810. doi:10.5014/ajot.47.9.804
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, September 1993, Vol. 47, 804-810. doi:10.5014/ajot.47.9.804
Abstract

Although many students with disabilities are transported daily in school vehicles, few state guidelines address special transportation needs. This study collected information from two states on the types of vehicles and safety restraints used, and the problems encountered by public schools, community agencies, and rehabilitation centers that transport people with disabilities from birth to 21 years of age. The information collected, together with a review of research on special needs transportation, contributed toward development of state regulations for school buses used to transport special education students.

Vehicular transportation safety is an important part of individualized education planning for the 18.6% of occupational therapists working in schools. Using this study’s questionnaires occupational therapists who are primary resources for selection of seating and transportation equipment may become informed advocates for implementing safer transportation on an individual and state level for clients with disabilities.