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Research Article  |   September 1992
Performance of Preschoolers on the Pediatric Clinical Test of Sensory Interaction for Balance
Author Affiliations
  • Pamela K. Richardson, MS, OTR/L, is an Occupational Therapist, Clinical Training Unit, Child Development and Mental Retardation Center, University of Washington, WJ-10, Seattle, Washington 98195
  • Sarah W. Atwater, MPT, PT, is a Lecturer, Division of Physical Therapy, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
  • Terry K. Crowe, PhD, OTR/L, is Assistant Professor, Division of Occupational Therapy, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
  • Jean C. Deitz, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, is Associate Professor, Division of Occupational Therapy, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
Article Information
Pediatric Evaluation and Intervention / Research
Research Article   |   September 1992
Performance of Preschoolers on the Pediatric Clinical Test of Sensory Interaction for Balance
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, September 1992, Vol. 46, 793-800. doi:10.5014/ajot.46.9.793
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, September 1992, Vol. 46, 793-800. doi:10.5014/ajot.46.9.793
Abstract

The purposes of this study were to describe the performance of 40 children aged 4 and 5 years on the Pediatric Clinical Test of Sensory Interaction for Balance (P-CTSIB) and to determine whether age- and gender-related differences were present. The P-CTSIB measures standing balance when sensory input is systematically altered. Kruskal-Wallis one-way analyses of variance by ranks (p ≤ .05) were used for comparisons by age and gender. When the 4-year-olds were compared with the 5-year-olds, significant duration differences were found in 4 of the 6 conditions in the heel-toe position of the P-CTSIB. The age-related differences on the remaining 2 heel-toe conditions, as well as on Condition 6 of the feet-together position, approached significance. Gender differences with 4-year-olds and 5-year-olds combined were statistically non-significant in all instances; however, girls performed better on 9 of the 12 conditions of the P-CTSIB. The results indicate that the feet-together position can discriminate between children without balance deficits and children with balance deficits. The heel-toe position is difficult for children aged 4 and 5 years without balance deficits and consequently has limited diagnostic value for this age group.