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Research Article  |   January 1991
A Prevention Model for Occupational Therapy
Author Affiliations
  • Judy Grossman, DrPH, OTR, FAOTA, is a consultant in private practice. At the time of this study, she was Adjunct Associate Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, New York University, New York, New York. (Mailing address: 390 West End Avenue, New York, New York 10024)
Article Information
Research
Research Article   |   January 1991
A Prevention Model for Occupational Therapy
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January 1991, Vol. 45, 33-41. doi:10.5014/ajot.45.1.33
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, January 1991, Vol. 45, 33-41. doi:10.5014/ajot.45.1.33
Abstract

The role of occupational therapy in prevention has received much discussion but relatively little empirical testing and model building. Because of the evidence linking stress and illness, the life stress process has become a popular area of investigation. More importantly, a role strain model can provide a theoretical guide to occupational therapy practice due to the central importance of adaptive behavior and social competence. To illustrate, the maternal stress study is presented as an example of prevention research that examines the relationship between maternal stress and child psychopathology. Risk factors are identified as the first step in reliable case finding and the design of preventive interventions. Such model building can help occupational therapists develop prevention services for vulnerable populations.