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Research Article  |   May 1991
The Transition from Nonoral to Oral Feeding in Children
Author Affiliations
  • Sandra Barker Dunbar, MA, OTR, is a Pediatric Occupational Therapist, Redlands Community Hospital, Redlands, California, and a Private Practitioner in Riverside, California. (Mailing address: 23901 Parkland Avenue, Moreno Valley, California 92387)
  • Ada H. Jarvis, OTR, is a Senior Therapist, Occupational Therapy Department, Loma Linda University Medical Center, and an Instructor, Occupational Therapy Department, School of Allied Health Professions, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California
  • Marty Breyer, OTR, is a Private Practitioner in Riverside, California
Article Information
Pediatric Evaluation and Intervention / Practice
Research Article   |   May 1991
The Transition from Nonoral to Oral Feeding in Children
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, May 1991, Vol. 45, 402-408. doi:10.5014/ajot.45.5.402
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, May 1991, Vol. 45, 402-408. doi:10.5014/ajot.45.5.402
Abstract

In this single-subject study, an evaluation was completed to determine the effect of occupational therapy intervention on the oral intake of 3 children who had their nutritional needs met by nonoral methods prior to the administration of an oral feeding program. Treatment consisted of a gradual increase of food presentation with the application of behavioral management methods and the presentation of developmentally appropriate play activities. Oral intake was measured during baseline and intervention phases to establish the effect of intervention. An analysis indicated an increase in oral intake in the intervention phase in 2 of the 3 children. The results, that occupational therapy intervention can increase the oral intake of children in transition from nonoral to oral feeding, might be strengthened through the replication of this study on larger populations.