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Research Article  |   May 1991
Leisure Activities After a Stroke: An Ethnographic Approach
Author Affiliations
  • Laura Krefting, PhD, OTR, is Associate Professor and Career Scientist, School of Rehabilitation Therapy, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6
  • Douglas Krefting is a Medical Anthropologist and Coordinator of the International Center for the Advancement of Community-based Rehabilitation, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Article Information
Neurologic Conditions / Stroke / Research
Research Article   |   May 1991
Leisure Activities After a Stroke: An Ethnographic Approach
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, May 1991, Vol. 45, 429-436. doi:10.5014/ajot.45.5.429
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, May 1991, Vol. 45, 429-436. doi:10.5014/ajot.45.5.429
Abstract

Ethnography is a qualitative research design that has relevance for clinical research in occupational therapy. The ethnographic approach is illustrated in the present paper through a description of how it could be used to investigate the effectiveness of an occupational therapy leisure intervention with stroke survivors. This paper contrasts ethnography with a randomized clinical trial design addressing the same question. Background information about ethnography, its relationship to other qualitative approaches, and its relevance to occupational therapy is addressed. Additionally, specific aspects of the research process are described, including triangulation of data-gathering strategies, sampling, and analysis. The limitations of ethnography are then described. The paper concludes with some examples of ethnographic work with persons with disabilities.