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Research Article  |   August 1992
Cross-Cultural Occupational Therapy: A Critical Reflection
Author Affiliations
  • Astrid Kinébanian, MA, REG OT, is Assistant Professor, School of Occupational Therapy, Hogeschool van Amsterdam, the Netherlands. (Mailing address: Maldenhof 457 1106 EN Amsterdam, the Netherlands)
  • Marjan Stomph, REG OT, is Assistant Professor, School of Occupational Therapy, Hogeschool van Amsterdam, the Netherlands
Article Information
Education of OTs and OTAs / Practice
Research Article   |   August 1992
Cross-Cultural Occupational Therapy: A Critical Reflection
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, August 1992, Vol. 46, 751-757. doi:10.5014/ajot.46.8.751
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, August 1992, Vol. 46, 751-757. doi:10.5014/ajot.46.8.751
Abstract

In the Netherlands, Dutch health care professionals, including occupational therapists, are confronted with a growing number of patients whose cultural backgrounds differ from theirs. Acknowledging this influx, the Dutch government allocated a grant for educating occupational therapy students on cross-cultural care. This paper summarizes the information we collected from a survey of Dutch occupational therapists on treatment of immigrants and briefly describes the eight educational tools we developed for the two occupational therapy curricula. Two of these tools are described fully – first, a critical essay on the white middle-class values and norms that underlie occupational therapy theory and practice, and second, the guidelines for developmental policies to use in the treatment of immigrant patients. Case studies illustrate how the values of our profession create obstacles to cross-cultural care.