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Research Article  |   August 1991
Toy Control Program Evaluation
Author Affiliations
  • Hugh A. Stewart, BAppSc, is an Occupational Therapist, Regency Park Centre for Young Disabled, Kilkenny, South Australia
  • Cheryl Ormond, BA, is Research Assistant, Regency Park Centre for Young Disabled, Kilkenny, South Australia
  • Barry R. Seeger, PhD, FIEAust, CPEng, is Manager of Rehabilitation Engineering, Regency Park Centre for Young Disabled, PO Box 209, Kilkenny, South Australia 5009
Article Information
Research
Research Article   |   August 1991
Toy Control Program Evaluation
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, August 1991, Vol. 45, 707-711. doi:10.5014/ajot.45.8.707
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, August 1991, Vol. 45, 707-711. doi:10.5014/ajot.45.8.707
Abstract

The Toy Control Program for the Apple IIe microcomputer is a software and hardware package developed for the training of single-switch scanning skills. The specially designed scanning programs provide onscreen visual feedback and activate a battery-powered toy to reinforce performance. This study examined whether the training of preschool subjects in single-switch scanning skills with the Toy Control Program would result in increased task completion scores and increased levels of attention to task, as compared with conditions of toy activation only and microcomputer programs with screen reinforcement only. The results showed that the subjects paid significantly more attention to the toys as reinforcers ( p < .01). No significant difference was found for the performance results of the three conditions. These findings support the use of a program like the Toy Control Program, which integrates the instructional capabilities of a computer with the reinforcement potential of a toy and the creativity of a therapist.