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Research Article  |   November 1991
Anthropology, Occupational Therapy, and Action Research
Author Affiliations
  • Cheryl Mattingly, PhD, is Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1919 West Taylor Street, Chicago, Illinois 60612
  • Nedra Gillette, MEd, OTR, FAOTA, is Director of Research Services, American Occupational Therapy Foundation, Rockville, Maryland
Article Information
Research
Research Article   |   November 1991
Anthropology, Occupational Therapy, and Action Research
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, November 1991, Vol. 45, 972-978. doi:10.5014/ajot.45.11.972
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, November 1991, Vol. 45, 972-978. doi:10.5014/ajot.45.11.972
Abstract

This paper describes the research process and methodology used in the American Occupational Therapy Association/American Occupational Therapy Foundation Clinical Reasoning Study. This study examined the clinical reasoning of occupational therapists through a 2-year ethnography of therapists at one hospital site. The research was innovative in several important respects. One important innovation was a combined ethnographic and action research design that involved collaboration between the research team and those therapists being studied. Therapists who were research subjects became actively involved in examining and reflecting on their own practice through group analysis of videotaped sessions with clients. One outcome of this action research component was that the study served as both a research and a staff development project.