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Research Article  |   September 1989
Guidelines for Using Both Activity and Exercise
Author Affiliations
  • Rebecca Dutton, MS, OTR/L, is an Assistant Professor of Occupational Therapy, College of Allied Health Professions, Temple University, 3307 North Broad Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19140
Article Information
Complementary/Alternative Approaches / Features
Research Article   |   September 1989
Guidelines for Using Both Activity and Exercise
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, September 1989, Vol. 43, 573-580. doi:10.5014/ajot.43.9.573
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, September 1989, Vol. 43, 573-580. doi:10.5014/ajot.43.9.573
Abstract

The use of activity versus exercise has been a divisive topic that has separated occupational therapists into opposing factions regarding our legitimate tools. One approach to the resolution of this conflict is to use exercise as preparation and purposeful activity as application in a treatment plan. Preparation and application are not philosophically opposed concepts—They are the two ends of a continuum. The purpose of this paper is to explore how specific continua from the biomechanical and sensorimotor frames of reference can be used to generate specific guidelines about when to use activity and when to use exercise.