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Research Article  |   November 1989
Occupational Therapy in Early Intervention: A Family-Centered Approach
Author Affiliations
  • Roseann C. Schaaf, MEd, OTR/L, is an instructor in the Department of Occupational Therapy, Thomas Jefferson University, Suite 820, 130 South 9th Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107. She is also in private practice, specializing in pediatrics
  • Lisa L. Mulrooney, OTR/L, is in private practice in Wilmington, Delaware, through Occupational and Physical Therapy Services of Delaware
Article Information
Early Intervention / Features
Research Article   |   November 1989
Occupational Therapy in Early Intervention: A Family-Centered Approach
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, November 1989, Vol. 43, 745-754. doi:10.5014/ajot.43.11.745
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, November 1989, Vol. 43, 745-754. doi:10.5014/ajot.43.11.745
Abstract

This article describes a framework for occupational therapy service provision in early intervention settings and presents pilot data aimed at examining the framework’s effectiveness. The Family-Centered Framework for Early Intervention is a synthesis of concepts from the Model of Human Occupation (Kielhofner & Burke, 1980) and from the literature on play. It encompasses a systematic, holistic approach that considers the child and the family within the context of their life environments. In this framework, play is used both as an evaluative tool and as an intervention modality that addresses the volition, habituation, and performance of the child and family as well as the strengths and weaknesses of the environment. Play is also used as a primary measure of competence and change. This framework may be useful in defining occupational therapy roles for the early intervention population.