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Research Article  |   February 1988
Comparison of Myoelectric and Conventional Prostheses for Adolescent Amputees
Author Affiliations
  • Shirley A. Weaver, OTR/L, is Director of Occupational Therapy, Shriners Hospital for Crippled Children, Philadelphia Unit, 8400 Roosevelt Boulevard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19152
  • Lawrence R. Lange, CPO, is Director of Prosthetics and Orthotics, Shriners Hospital for Crippled Children, Philadelphia Unit
  • Virginia M. Vogts, ACSW, is Director of Social Services, Shriners Hospital for Crippled Children, Philadelphia Unit
Article Information
Rehabilitation, Participation, and Disability / Features
Research Article   |   February 1988
Comparison of Myoelectric and Conventional Prostheses for Adolescent Amputees
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, February 1988, Vol. 42, 87-91. doi:10.5014/ajot.42.2.87
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, February 1988, Vol. 42, 87-91. doi:10.5014/ajot.42.2.87
Abstract

We questioned whether myoelectric prostheses were a reasonable alternative to conventional prostheses for adolescents with unilateral, congenital, below-elbow amputations in respect to fit, function, cosmesis, and cost. Ten patients were studied. Each received a physical, functional, and psychosocial evaluation prior to prosthetic fitting. The physical evaluation included myopotential, residual limb length and circumference, active range of motion, terminal device grasp force, and mechanical range. The functional evaluation consisted of a questionnaire of 38 bimanual activities. The psychosocial evaluation included an assessment of both the patient and the family. Following prosthesis fabrication, each patient received 10 days of training, a 3-month checkup, and a 6-month reevaluation. Wearing patterns, perception of cosmesis, change in physical attributes of the residual limb, and functional performance were documented. Results indicate that for these subjects myoelectric prostheses with a hand were an acceptable alternative to conventional prostheses with a hook.