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Research Article  |   September 1988
Pain Management by Occupational Therapists
Author Affiliations
  • Guy L. McCormack, MS, OTR, is Associate Professor, Occupational Therapy Curriculum, San Jose State University, San Jose, California. (Mailing address: 301 Ridge Vista Avenue, San Jose, California 95127.)
Article Information
Rehabilitation, Participation, and Disability / Features
Research Article   |   September 1988
Pain Management by Occupational Therapists
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, September 1988, Vol. 42, 582-590. doi:10.5014/ajot.42.9.582
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, September 1988, Vol. 42, 582-590. doi:10.5014/ajot.42.9.582
Abstract

Chronic pain is common among individuals with physical disabilities. It can interfere with therapy since patients with chronic pain can become uncooperative and reluctant to move. In some cases, patients may even project their discomfort onto the therapist. This paper reviews the natural physiological mechanisms that can reduce pain perception. The occupational therapist can help facilitate the activation of these mechanisms through a combination of noninvasive modalities, functional activities, and the therapeutic use of self.