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Research Article  |   April 1987
Developing a Role Activity Performance Scale
Author Affiliations
  • Marcie A. Good-Ellis, MS, OTR, is a Senior Occupational Therapist at the Payne Whitney Psychiatric Clinic, New York Hospital–Cornell Medical Center, New York, New York 10021
  • Susan B. Fine, MA, OTR, FAOTA, is Director of Therapeutic Activities at the Payne Whitney Psychiatric Clinic and Senior Lecturer at Cornell Medical College
  • James H. Spencer, MD, is Clinical Associate Professor at the Payne Whitney Psychiatric Clinic and at Cornell Medical College
  • Anthony Divittis, MA, at the time of this study, was a research assistant at the Payne Whitney Psychiatric Clinic; he is now an instructor at Baruch College and a PhD candidate in the Department of Psychology at Fordham University
Article Information
Assessment Development and Testing / Mental Health / Features
Research Article   |   April 1987
Developing a Role Activity Performance Scale
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, April 1987, Vol. 41, 232-241. doi:10.5014/ajot.41.4.232
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, April 1987, Vol. 41, 232-241. doi:10.5014/ajot.41.4.232
Abstract

This article describes the Role Activity Performance Scale (RAPS) and presents data from a study of its reliability and validity. The RAPS evaluates an individual’s functional level, using 12 subscales that represent a range of life roles. It was developed as an instrument for evaluating the impact of occupational therapy and other treatment modalities on the functioning of psychiatric patients. It is also useful in the diagnostic, treatment, and discharge planning processes. Validity and interrater reliability testing involved a sample of 30 patients in two major diagnostic groups. Interrater correlations for subscales and total scores were above .80 and statistically significant. A comparison of the RAPS with other accepted psychosocial rating scales showed strong correlations in scores. The psychometric evidence from this preliminary study supports the continued development and use of the RAPS for both clinical and research purposes.