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Research Article  |   June 1987
The Benefits of Group Occupational Therapy for Patients With Parkinson’s Disease
Author Affiliations
  • Louise Gauthier, OT(C), MSc, is Assistant Professor, School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University, 3654 Drummond, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3G lY5
  • Sandra Dalziel, OT(C), is a research assistant, School of Physical and Occupational Therapy, McGill University
  • Serge Gauthier, MD, FRCP(C), is Associate Professor, Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery and Department of Psychiatry, McGill University
Article Information
Neurologic Conditions / Parkinson's Disease / Features
Research Article   |   June 1987
The Benefits of Group Occupational Therapy for Patients With Parkinson’s Disease
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, June 1987, Vol. 41, 360-365. doi:10.5014/ajot.41.6.360
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, June 1987, Vol. 41, 360-365. doi:10.5014/ajot.41.6.360
Abstract

The medical treatment of idiopathic Parkinson’s disease has improved the quality of life and increased survival of patients with Parkinson’s disease. However, as the illness progresses, impairments in daily living activities occur. A clinical trial for a group rehabilitation program was initiated to maintain the functional status of these patients.

The research protocol consisted of a pretreatment evaluation, random assignment to experimental or control groups, and posttreatment evaluations after therapy, at 6 months and at 1 year.

The results showed that the subjects of the treated experimental group maintained their functional status after 1 year, demonstrated a significant decrease of bradykinesia, and perceived a significant improvement in their psychological well-being.

This study confirms the value of an occupational therapy group approach and its benefits to the functional independence, to the improvement of physical and motor symptoms, and to the quality of life of persons with Parkinson’s disease.